Rescue helicopters are called out to all kinds of emergencies whenever a physician is needed.


Apart from trauma patients emergencies such as heart attacks, strokes, burn cases, poisoning and pediatric emergencies feature most prominently.

Each helicopter crew must be able to deal with these and other emergencies with a safe and professional treatment strategy. In this context the factor time is often decisive.


As an example, with abdominal injuries the death rate increases every 3 minutes by 1% (Clarke, J Trauma 2003). With heart attacks the ischemic tolerance is 30 minutes, and for a stroke it is only 3-5 minutes. In guidelines and standing orders of medical societies the time span between the occurrence of the emergency until final treatment by specialists in a trauma or burns centre, ICU or stroke unit plays a decisive role. During transportation of emergency patients over longer distances - in particular when treatment in a special clinic is necessary – the helicopter is the ideal means of transport.